Tower of London / Ceremony of the Keys

Every night, for about 700 years, the Yeoman Warders, often called Beefeaters, have performed a gate-closing ritual known as the Ceremony of the Keys at the Tower of London.

At exactly 21.52 the Chief Yeoman Warder of the Tower comes out of the Byward Tower, dressed in red, carrying a candle lantern in one hand and the Queen’s Keys in the other hand.

Yemaon Warder taking part in ceremony of the keys

He walks to Traitor’s Gate to meet members of the duty regiment Foot Guards who escort him throughout the ceremony.

One soldier takes the lantern and they walk in step to the outer gate. All guards and sentries on duty salute the Queen’s Keys as they pass.

The Warder locks the outer gate and they walk back to lock the oak gates of the Middle and Byward Towers.

They then return along Water Lane towards the Wakefield Tower, where in the deep shadows of the Bloody Tower archway a sentry waits and watches.

As the Chief Warder and escort approach, the sentry’s challenge rings out.

“Halt!“
“Who comes there?“
“The Keys“ replies the Chief Warder.
“Whose Keys?“
“Queen Elizabeth’s Keys.”
“Pass Queen Elizabeth’s Keys. All’s well.”

All four men walk to the Bloody Tower archway and up towards the broadwalk steps where the main Guard is drawn up.

The Chief Yeoman Warder and escort halt at the foot of the steps and the officer in charge gives the command to the Guard and escort to present arms.

The Chief Yeoman Warder moves two paces forward, raises his Tudor bonnet high in the air and calls “God preserve Queen Elizabeth.” The guard answers “Amen” exactly as the clock chimes 10pm and ‘The Duty Drummer’ sounds The Last Post on his bugle.

The Chief Yeoman Warder takes the keys back to the Queen’s House and the Guard is dismissed.

Visitors are escorted to the exit at 22.05.

The ceremony has never been cancelled and only delayed once when during WWII a bomb knocked a couple of warders off their feet.

Between 40-50 visitors are admitted, under escort, to watch the Ceremony of the Keys each night at 21:30 precisely.

Ceremony of the Keys Tickets

Entry Passes, to see the Ceremony of the Keys are issued by Historic Royal Palaces.

From January 2015 you can book online up to twelve months in advance. Tickets are free but a transaction charge of £ 1.00 (GBP) is made for online bookings.

Tickets are available 12 months in advance.
It is illegal to sell or purchase tickets for the Ceremony of the Keys via third parties and Historic Royal Palaces reserve the right to refuse permission, if a valid form of ID is not presented on the evening.

Between 1 April and 31 October there can be up to to 6 in a group.
From 1 November to 31 March, inclusive, up to 15 in a group.

To book Ceremony of the Keys tickets go to Historic Royal Palaces website.

Important Notes For Visitors

  • The named ticket holder must be in attendance
  • ID to confirm name and address will be checked upon entry
  • Latecomers are not admitted
  • Photography is not permitted during any part of the ceremony
  • Mobile phones are not allowed at the ceremony
  • There are no toilet or refreshment facilities available

Getting to the Tower of London

Address: The Tower of London London, England EC3N 4AB

By Underground
Tube station closest to the Tower of London: - Tower Hill - District or Circle lines

Dockland Light Railway
DLR station closest to the Tower of London: - Tower Gateway Station
Follow the signs from the stations main entrance to the Tower which is about five minutes walk away.

By Rail
Nearest stations: - Fenchurch Street or London Bridge

By Bus
Numbers of buses that stop near the Tower:
Numbers: 15, 42, 78, 100, RV1

By River
Nearest river access: - Tower Pier
Riverboats for Tower Pier depart from Charing Cross, Westminster and Greenwich.

By Car
Nearest car park: - Lower Thames Street about two minutes walk away
The Tower of London is in the congestion charge zone